Tattoo Technique | Anesthesia Technology | Healing process
Damage to the skin with a needle during tattooing and the introduction of foreign particles (coloring pigments) into the epidermis or dermis causes a natural protective reaction of the human body – the inflammatory process. This is a microbial (aseptic) reaction, which, depending on the size and location of the damage, lasts an average of 7-10 days and ends with the complete healing of the wound surface (the healing process is quite long).
In order to avoid joining a secondary infection, all hygiene rules should be strictly observed and antiseptic agents should be used. This implies not only the sterilization of the instrument during the procedure, but also the appropriate treatment of the skin, keeping the workplace clean, and also fulfilling all recommendations for caring for tattoos.
Damage to the epidermis, connective tissue fibers, as well as skin cells and blood vessels. The result is spot hemorrhage.
Aseptic inflammation develops in the damage zone, accompanied by the expansion of capillaries and their overflow with blood. At the same time, the walls of the capillaries become thinner, become permeable, as a result of which the plasma and blood cells (leukocytes and red blood cells) begin to penetrate into the surrounding tissues. Visually, this process is assessed as the appearance of edema and redness on the damaged area of the skin, accompanied by a local increase in temperature.
The body’s immune systems fight inflammation: macrophage cells accumulate around the damaged area, which begin to absorb the destroyed fibers and lost their viability. Their task is to destroy everything around the focus of inflammation that impedes the processes of normal functioning of tissues. However, it should be borne in mind that particles of the coloring composition are also perceived by macrophages as foreign bodies, and protective cells try to remove them as well. The “eaten” pigment enters the macrophage, but is not destroyed by it, but accumulates in the cell cytoplasm, in this case they speak of incomplete phagocytosis. As a result of a similar reaction of the body, macrophages die, and tattoo pigments remain in the skin.
In parallel with phagocytosis, the process of regeneration (restoration) of damaged skin occurs:
fibroblast cells begin to actively produce collagen and elastin fibers, which fill the defect formed in the tissues and seem to braid the dye particles around the grid, delimiting them from adjacent tissues;
begins the intensive division of epidermal cells, which leads to the closure of the damaged area of the skin. This process proceeds under the crust, formed immediately after damage and performs the function of a kind of protection against the penetration of foreign microorganisms into the wound. After the processes of inflammation and regeneration are completed, the dye particles remain in the skin for a long time. However, the color intensity, clarity, contrast and stability of the body image depend on many factors (in particular, on the type and condition of the skin of a person).
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Paint tolerance test
First apply dark, then light
Resistant paints – black, yellow, red, blue, brown.
Green and blue are hard to work with.
Shading should be without spaces – circular movements or strokes.
During application, the skin is soaked with blood.
Lidocaine group of drugs
Emla analgesic cream based on novocaine
It is better not to anesthetize, since the skin swells and does not respond.
Before applying, use painkillers with tram or tramadol – you will be filled with blood.
Taking aspirin is the same thing.
For a day, it is better not to take medicine and alcohol at all.
The first 10-15 minutes
After 4-5 hours
Depends on the nervous system
The master must establish contact with his client and conduct a thorough and detailed briefing. He is obliged to tell in detail what is possible and what is not recommended to be done during the procedure, what possible consequences or complications happen after it. Such information should not be secret for the client – he has the right and should know it.
Before going to the tattoo parlor, it is strictly forbidden to take alcohol. This is due to the fact that alcohol dilates blood vessels. When working with leather, the master will certainly use needles. This means that with a puncture, blood vessels will inevitably be affected, that is, small bleeding will occur. And if the vessels will be dilated from exposure to alcohol, then such bleeding is difficult to call small – and stopping it is much more difficult. In addition, when taking alcoholic beverages, as a rule, pressure rises. And this contributes to the activation of hematopoietic processes – and as a result, the dye is washed out of the skin.
In preparation for the procedure, the skin is subjected to a special treatment. The selected area is carefully freed from the hairs by shaving them.